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Nepal

Nepal

Nepal is the officially the Federal Democratic Republic and Nepal is a landlocked country in between India and China sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 28 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad), Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri corridor. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The southern Terai region is fertile and humid. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world's great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centers from as early as the 3rd century BC.

Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 16%, Kirat 5.1%, Islam by 4.4%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%. A large section of the population, especially in hill region, even though they follow Hindu customs, may identify themselves as both Hindu as well as Buddhists which can be attributed to syncretic nature of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement [clarification needed] of 22 November 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

In recent developments, the political parties of Nepal have agreed on forming an interim government under the leadership of Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi in order to hold Constituent Assembly elections by 19 November 2013 to end the political deadlock. The second election for the constituent assembly was held successfully and Sushil Koirala was appointed the new prime minister in 2013, Nepal ranked the 157th place on the Human Development Index (HDI) and is one of the least developed nations in the entire world.

Medieval

Main article: Malla (Nepal)
Former royal palace at Basantapur, Kathmandu
In the early 12th century, leaders emerged in far western Nepal whose names ended with the Sanskrit suffix malla ("wrestler"). These kings consolidated their power and ruled over the next 200 years, until the kingdom splintered into two dozen petty states. Another Malla dynasty, beginning with Jayasthiti, emerged in the Kathmandu valley in the late 14th century, and much of central Nepal again came under a unified rule. However, in 1482 the realm was divided into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur.

  • Geography:

Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. While the total land area is 147,181 sq. km including water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km. The geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer. Nepal’s ecological zone run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m). The Terai region, with width of ranging 26 to 32 km and altitude ranging from 60 -305 m, occupies about 17 percent of total land area of the country. Kechana Kalan, the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 60 m, lies in Jhapa district of the eastern Terai.The southern lowland Terai continues to the Bhabar belt covered with the Char Kose Jhadi forests known for rich wildlife. Further north, the Siwalik zone (700 – 1,500 m) and the Mahabharat range (1,500 – 2,700 m) give way to the Duns (valleys), such as Trijuga, Sindhuli, Chitwan, Dang and Surkhet. The Midlands (600 – 3,500 m), north of the Mahabharat range is where the two beautiful valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara lie covered in terraced rice fields, and surrounded by forested watersheds. The Himalayas (above 3,000 m) comprises mountains, alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree-line (4,000 m) and snow line (5,500 m). Eight of the 14 eight-thousanders of the world lie in Nepal: Sagarmatha or Mount Everest (8,848 m), Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), Lhotse (8,516 m), Makalu (8,463 m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Manaslu (8,163 m) and Annapurna (8,091 m). The inner Himalayan valley (above 3,600 m) such as Mustang and Dolpa are cold deserts sharing topographical characteristics with the Tibetan plateau.Nepal holds the so called “waters towers of South Asia” with its 6,000 rivers which are snow-fed or dependent on rain. The perennial rivers include Mahakali, Karnali, Narayani and Koshi rivers originating in the Himalayas. Medium-sized rivers like Babai, West Rapti, Bagmati, Kamla, Kankai and Mechi originate in the Midlands and Mahabharat range. A large number of seasonal streams, mostly originating in Siwaliks, flow across the Terai. Of 163 wetlands documented, the nine globally recognized Ramsar sites are: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Beeshazarital (Chitwan), Jagdishpur Reservoir (Kapilvastu) Ghodaghodi Tal (Kailali) in the Terai, and Gokyo (Solukhumbu), Phoksundo (Dolpa), Rara (Mugu) and Mai Pokhari (Ilam) in the mountain region.There are more than 30 natural caves in the country out of which only a few are accessible by road. Maratika Cave (also known as Haleshi) is a pilgrimage site associated with Buddhism and Hinduism. Siddha Cave is near Bimalnagar along the Kathmandu-Pokhara highway. Pokhara is also known for caves namely Bats’ shed, Batulechar, Gupteswar, Patale Chhango. The numerous caves around Lo Manthang in Mustang include Luri and Tashi Kabum which house ancient murals and chhortens dating back to the 13th century.

History in Nepal:

Newars are thought to have lived in the Nepal Valley since the 4th century AD, developing a Hindu-Buddhist culture. The Gurkha principality was later established by RAJPUT warriors from India, and in 1769 they conquered lands beyond the present-day borders of Nepal. After incursions into northern India in which the Gurkhas were Defeated, Nepal lost part of its territory to British India but retained its independence and enjoyed close ties with the British.It has maintained its close association with India since the latter gained independence in 1947.

Nepal, the world’s only Hindu monarchy, was controlled by a hereditary prime minister ship until 1951. The nation’s first election was held in 1959, but in 1960, King Mahendra dismissed the cabinet, dissolved parliament, and banned political parties. A 1962 constitution created a nonparty panchayat (council) system of government. After a 1980 referendum approved a modified version of the panchayat system, direct parliamentary elections were held in 1981. A dispute with India led to India’s closing of most border crossings from March 1989 to July 1990, and the resultant economic crisis fueled demands for political reform. After months of violence, King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev dissolved parliament. The opposition formed an interim government in April 1990, and a new constitution creating a constitutional monarchy and a bicameral legislature became effective on Nov. 9, 1990. Multiparty legislative elections held in May 1991
Were won by the centrist Nepali Congress party; the Communists became the leading opposition party. Mid-term elections in November 1994, which were called after the government lost a parliamentary vote, resulted in a hung parliament and the communists, who emerged as the single largest party, formed a minority government.

Some Important Facts About Nepal

  1. Country: Nepal
  2. Capital: Kathmandu
  3. Location: situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west
  4. Area: 147,516 km²
  5. Population: 28.09 million (2018) World Bank
  6. Language: Nepali
  7. People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken Languages, Travel – trade peoples understand English 
  8. Currency: Nepali Rupee
  9. Political System:  Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  10. Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) winter: - December – February (2) Spring: - March – May (3) Summer: - September – November. Nepal can be visit the whole year 

Trips in Nepal

ABC Trek
ABC Trek

ABC Short Trek is one of the magnificent places to have splendid sight of majestic mountains in the

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09 Days

Ama Dablam Base Camp Trek
Ama Dablam Base Camp Trek

Ama Dablam Base camp Trek introduce you the Sherpa traditional Culture and magnificent mountains vie

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12 Days

Ama Dablam Expedition
Ama Dablam Expedition

Ama Dablam peak (6,812 m) Expedition is a golden chance to climb one of the world's most beautiful a

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30 Days

Annapurna Base Camp Trek
Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Annapurna Base Camp Trek is known as (Annapurna Sanctuary) is one of the admired trekking destinatio

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12 Days

Annapurna Circuit Trek
Annapurna Circuit Trek

Annapurna Circuit is known as round Annapurna Trekking. The trek starts with drive and easy walking

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16 Days

Annapurna Dhaulagiri Panorama Trek
Annapurna Dhaulagiri Panorama Trek

Annapurna Dhaulagiri Panorama Trek is starting from Nayapul to the first day a relatively easy hike

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12 Days

Annapurna Expedition
Annapurna Expedition

Mt. Annapurna 8,091 m is taken from Sanskrit word that mean “Sustenance and filled with”, so th

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46 Days

Annapurna Express Trek
Annapurna Express Trek

Annapurna Express Trek is one of the most popular trekking route as well as short Trekking destinat

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12 Days

Annapurna Ghale Gaun Trek
Annapurna Ghale Gaun Trek

Ghale Gaun is one of the alluring villages of the Annapurna region, where we can observe enrich diff

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8 Days

Annapurna Half Mountain Biking
Annapurna Half Mountain Biking

Annapurna Half Mountain Biking Tour is an excellent and popular adventurous activity in Nepal, that

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14 Days

Annapurna Khayer Trek
Annapurna Khayer Trek

Annapurna Khayer Trek can be your special Holidays and explore the south face Annapurna Base camp an

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14 Days

Annapurna Mini Trek
Annapurna Mini Trek

Annapurna Mini Trek is one of the trouble free Trek and well known short treks in the Annapurna. Thi

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8 Days

Annapurna Panorama Trek
Annapurna Panorama Trek

Annapurna Panorama Trek is one of the motivating trekking routes in Nepal. This trek is a short and

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9 Days

Annapurna Royal Trek
Annapurna Royal Trek

An Annapurna Royal Trek is a captivating and easily accessible trekking route in the picturesque Ann

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8 Days

Annapurna Sunrise View Trek
Annapurna Sunrise View Trek

Annapurna Sunrise View Trek is a remarkable short hiking adventure boasting panoramic sunrise vista

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9 Days