Chitwan National Park is the first established (in 1973) nation park of Nepal which is called as a Royal Chitwan National Park. It covers an area of 932 km2 (360 sq m), lies at the subtropical inner Terai lands of South-Central part of Nepal in Chitwan District. It ranges from with an altitude of 100m (330ft) to the river valleys 815m (2,674ft) in the Churia Hills and it was listed in World Heritage side in 1984.The Narayani –Rapti River’s North and West part of the preserved area forms a natural boundary towards the human settlements. Neighboring to the east part of Chitwan National Park is Parsa Wildlife Reserve South edge in the Indian Tiger Reserve Valmiki National Park. The intelligible preserved area of 2,075 km2 (801 sq m) represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki, massive block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.
Chitwan Forest and grasslands protracted over more than 2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi) and became home to about 800 rhinos during 1950. When the poor farmers are shifted to Chitwan for the cultivable land then area was finally opened for settlement and poaching of wildlife became rampant. In 1957 country’s first preservation law familiarize to the conserve of rhinos and their habitat. Edward Pritchard Gee survey suggested creation of conserved area north of the Rapti River and wildlife sanctuary south of the river for a trail period of ten years. Then in 1963, fauna preservation society and the International Union for conservation of Nature, he suggested that the extension of the sanctuary to the south. In 1960 70% Jungles of Chitwan were cleared applying DDT then thousands of people had been able to settled there and only 95 rhinos were remained. Decreasing in the population of the rhino and the expanse of poaching persuade the government to institute the Gaida Gasti –a rhino reconnaissance patrol of 130 armed men and network of guard posts all over Chitwan. To avert the extermination of rhinos in the Chitwan National Park was gazette in December 1970, with frontier described the following year and entrenched in 1973 with an area of 544 km2 (210 sq m).
The typical vegetation of the inner Terai is Himalayan Subtropical broadleaf forests with mainly Salt trees encompassing around 70% of the national park area. Purest stance of Sal occurs on well drained lowland ground in the centre. Through the Southern face of the Churia Hills Sal is scattered with Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii) and its Northern slopes sal connected with smaller flowering tree and shrub species such as Beleric(Terminalia bellirica), Axlewood , Grey Downy Balsam ,Rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo),Elephant Apple (Dillenia indica),and creepers such as Bauhinia vahlii and Spatholobus parviflorus. Seasonal bushfires, flooding and abrasion evoke an altering mosaic of riverine forest and grasslands along the river banks. Currently deposited alluvium and in lowland areas with groups of Catechu (Acacia catechu) with rosewood, preponderate, pursued by groups of Kapok with Rhino Apple trees (Trewia nudiflora), the fruits of which rhinos savor so much. Under storey shrubs of Velvety beautyberry (Callicarpa macrophylla), Hill Glory Bower (Clerodendrum sp.) and gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica) gives protection and den to a wide variety of species.
Chitwan National Park is the extensive range of vegetation , Hunting of more than 700 species of wildlife , butterfly, moths and insect species, beside that king Cobra and Rock Python, 17 different species of snakes, Starred tortoise and monitor lizards etc can be found . The Narayani-Raptiriver and its small tributaries and numerous of oxbow lakes is habitat for 113 recorded species of fish and mugger crocodiles. It is also home of at least 43 species of mammals, the King of the Jungle is known as the Bengal Tiger; corporeal floodplain territory of the Terai is one of the best tiger territories among the world. Since its establishment initially its small population of around 25 individuals has been enlarged around 70-110 during 1980. Beside that it is the home of the various kinds of species such as fishing cat jungle cat leopard cat and rare marbled cat also occur. Chitwan it is taken as the one of the highest population density of the sloth bears with as estimated 200 to 250 individuals, smooth-coated otters inhabit the massive creeks and rivulets, golden jackals, Bengal foxes, spotted linsangs, pal, civets, large and small civets, several species of mongoose, honey badgers and yellow –throated martens roam the jungle for prey but wild dogs are rare. Every year devoted bird watchers and conservationists’ bird survey species occurring all over the country. On the based on the 2006 survey, 543 species in the Chiwan National Park, 20 black-chinned Yuhina, a pair of Gould’s sunbird, a pair of blossom-headed parakeet and one slaty-breasted rail , unusual winter visitor were observed in spring 2008. Exceptionally, alluvial grassland of the parks are most substantial habitats for the critically imperiled Bengal Florican, the Vulnerable lesser adjutant, grey-crowned Prinia, Swamp Francolin and various species of grass warblers. The park is one of the less known breeding places of the globally endangered spotted eagle.
Apart from 160 migrating birds, Vagrant species arrive in Chitwan( such as Greater Spotted Eagle, Eastern Imperial Eagle and Pallas’s , Fish –Eagle) during autumn season from the Northern part to spend their winter season. Being one of the most well-known parks among the Tourist destinations, inside this park we can find lodges that provides us chance to have full board and accommodation in blend with elephant and jeep safaris, rafting tours and jungle walk. Tiger Top has been developed standards for the responsible conservation tourism and support the "Long-term Tiger Monitoring Project" of international Trust of Nature conservation and anti-poaching units operating in the national park. On the side of the national park Sauraha is a popular spot for tourists. Approachable from the near to Bharatpur Airport, Sauraha gives us choice of hotels, lodges, restaurants and agencies that organize day trips towards the conserved area.
|Day 01||Arrival at Tribhuan International Airport welcome program by Himalayan Magic Treks and direct transfer to hotel in Kathmandu.|
|Day 02||Sightseeing in the Kathmandu Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple), Patan durbar squere back to Hotel overnight Hotel on BB plan |
|Day 03||Drive to Chitwan 6 hours from Kathmandu. Once you are there program starts as per set time schedules. On the evening short walk to have a great sun set view over the Rapti River with some chance of watching animals too. Over night stay on the Lodge of Sauraha village on the bank of Rapti River. Briefing about the Jungle and its wildlife, culture and their respect and rules before bed.|
|Day 04||Jungle walk starts at 7 am after breakfast. Pack lunch will be carried with enough water. The jungle walk of March and April is known as a tiger season with many newly migrated beautiful birds and their sound. The walk goes for 8 hours with pleasant jungle scenery. Over night stay at hotel on the Ghatgain 20 KM away from Sauraha.|
|Day 05||Walk starts at 7 am. Walk through many kind of forest with variety of habitat of wildlife. Walking distance over 20 km. to Meghauli overnight at hotel.|
|Day 06||Before breakfast bird watching in river rain forest. Breakfast at 8 am and drive to major town Narayanghat this takes about 2 hrs by public bus Lunch will be eaten in Narayaghat. After lunch drive back to Kathmandu overnight at hotel.|
|Day 07|| Free shopping in Kathmandu, evening farewell dinner in Typical Nepali Culture overnight at hotel.|
|Day 08||Departure from Kathmandu to your onward destination.|
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